Week 48 – Book of Jeremiah
Jeremiah Chapter 48
a priestly line, Jeremiah probably has spent much time learning the oral
traditions and religious ways. Instead, God appoints him to be a prophet to the nations.
While the book of Jeremiah records God’s messages and Jeremiah’s ministry, we
only glimpse Jeremiah’s own theology from his writing, his sermons, and his
faithful endurance. Jeremiah is truly a prophet of courage.
means the study of God, and what a person believes about God is a person’s
individual theology. In looking at Jeremiah, from the beginning in chapter 1, we
see his understanding of the sovereignty of God. Sovereignty comes as God
knowing him in the womb and appointing him for a specific purpose, and also
believing God will always deliver him. “They will fight against you, but they
will not overcome you, for I am with you to deliver you, declares the LORD.” (1:19)
Jeremiah understands God to be the all-powerful, almighty true God. Jeremiah is
a prophet of hope.
OT prophet faced more opposition from false prophets than did Jeremiah.”
In chapter 4 (19-20), Jeremiah suffers for his message and the rejection he
receives. Broken heartedness and sorrow occur throughout his ministry.
Lamentations of his loneliness and sadness are striking. Jeremiah is often
called the weeping prophet.
frequently expresses his belief that God is righteous in His judgments.
Believing God loves Israel as His people furthers the reasons that God is both
just and kind. Most of God’s messages Jeremiah delivers includes descriptions
of Judah’s sins of idolatry and disobedience. Despite the gloomy predictions,
Jeremiah trusts in God’s righteous judgment. Often alone, told not to marry or
have children, his own obedience leads him to be called the solitary prophet
the human heart is sick, Jeremiah believes the answer is found only in God.
“The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately sick, who can understand
it.” (17:9) Jeremiah acknowledges that God searches the minds and hearts of
humanity and is the only hope. “Over one hundred times, the prophet calls” the
people ‘to repent’. Such change can only come when they seek the LORD.”
These rebellious people and culture makes Jeremiah the most despised prophet.
of the New Covenant describes a God who loves, who promises both forgiveness
and restoration. The New Covenant in chapter 33 foretells the Messiah, which he
also mentions in chapter 23 as the “righteous branch”. God says He will put the
law in the heart and write it on the heart. Emphasizing this New Covenant and
God’s immense grace, we see Jeremiah as a prophet of the heart.
the book of Jeremiah bings a consistent message of repentance and hope, the people
choose to disobedience and idolatry. The messages of gloom and doom evolve because of their unrepentant hearts which brings an unfortunate outcome of captivity and exile
to a foreign land. A ministry of forty years bringing the same message suggests
a patient God, one slow to judgment, generous in love. Jeremiah recognizes that
the fall of Judah is the result of a broken relationship with a ever-faithful
God of promise. He chooses to believe in the one true God and is faithful
through all the despair. The prophet Jeremiah’s theology believes, trusts, and
speaks for the ever-present God of redemption and restoration.
was called from the very beginning of his ministry to be a prophet to all the
nations (1:5, 10), so it is not surprising that he also has messages from
Yahweh that pertain to other nations.”
Yahweh, the one true God, is not only God of Judah or Israel, but over all
nations, over all peoples of the world. In chapter 48, Moab “receives a disproportionately
long oracle” showing a “dozen similar phrases with Isaiah 15-16, in addition to
other prophetic books that address Moab” to include Amos, Zephaniah, and Ezekiel.
failures include self-sufficiency, self-satisfaction, and arrogance regarding
wealth and power. Moab finds fault with Israel and profaned Yahweh. “Twenty
Moabite cities are singled out”
in this prophecy. This chapter has a “number of textual difficulties” along
with “division among scholars as to how much is poetry and how much is prose.”
Historically, Moabites’ ancestry can be traced back to Abraham’s nephew, Lot,
who is considered “the father of the Moabites (Gen. 19:37). In Scripture,
perhaps the most well-remembered Moabite is Ruth, the widow who follows her
mother-in-law, Naomi, back to Judah and remarries. Ultimately, Ruth’s new
husband, Boaz, become the great grandparents of King David. Ruth is one of four
women named in the ancestry of Jesus (Matthew 1:5).
or weeping, both mourning and wailing will be the loudest sounds as Moab
suffers death and destruction. Geographically Judah’s neighbor, Moab is east of
the Dead Sea, on a plateau rising 3000 ft. above sea level. Nebo (v 1), the mountain
where Moses views the Promise Land (Dt. 32:49, 34:1), gives a reference for
Kiriatham, a nearby town. Also named is Chemosh (v 7), a Moabite god. In 2
Kings 3:27, during the time of Elisha, King Mesha offers his oldest son to the
Chemosh trying to get this deity to help him in battle. Dramatic imagery of an
enemy who will “tip vessel” over and “empty his vessels” and “shatter his jars”
(v 12) suggests massive destruction. Wine jars becomes the perfect
representation for Moab since this nation is recognized for its vineyards.
this chapter is full of poetic imagery and phrasing, various other cities are
named. In addition to Judgment for pride and arrogance, now a longstanding
habit of making jokes at Israel’s expense will punished. No more fertile vineyards,
“lush Moab stripped of song and laughter” (48:33, The Message) will lay
silent. Signs of mourning will be seen in shaved heads, short beards, and
sackcloth. The eagle (v 40) represents Nebuchadnezzar, both swift and strong.
“Moab will be destroyed from being a people because he has become arrogant
toward the LORD.” (v 42) Despite all the wickedness and disobedience, God’s
message ends with hope, “Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab in the latter
days.” (v 47) “In the latter days” suggests when “the Moabites will take refuge
in the Messiah.”
Today, Moab’s territory is in the Arab country of Jordan in the Middle East.
– Second Sunday of Advent ~ Incarnation
And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw
His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace
and truth. John 1:14
The season of Advent, meaning to come, finds us
waiting to celebrate - once again - the arrival of the baby
Jesus on Christmas. This promise of
the Messiah spans generations, but when He does arrive, the first Advent, it
changes everything. Tender manger scenes contrast the glorious angels singing.
From the moment Truth enters human history, the story celebrated becomes Jesus
loving us with compassion and tenderness while all of heaven celebrates Perfect
Love. We light the second candle today to celebrate with all of heaven that
salvation for mankind comes into the world, comes for us. From before time
until time to come, God envelops us with love.
Incarnation describes God's glory dwelling with His people. In
the Old Testament, God's Glory, His shekinah, represents His presence
in the tabernacle. John introduces Jesus as the Word that becomes flesh and
dwells with the people. He is both holy and human, infinite and incarnate.
Jesus manifests God's Glory on earth and desires an everlasting relationship
with us. Grace comes through Jesus Christ, chooses us, calls us, completes
Throughout this week, let your spiritual celebration retrace the Incarnation.
When Jesus becomes human and makes His home among us, remember the
Bethlehem crowds leave no room for Jesus. After all those years of waiting for
the Messiah, into the hurried, overflowing, populous Bethlehem, Grace simply
comes. Today's world is no less hectic, occupied, or crammed with busy. Does
your life leave room for Jesus? Have you found Jesus in your Bethlehem? Know
the unmeasured Grace and faithfulness of Perfect Love when you invite Jesus to
dwell in your tabernacle. It changes everything! Love!
intersects and intervenes in the lives of people who place their faith in Him,
and extraordinary things happen. God also uses everyday, ordinary people and
you place your faith in God?
some the unexpected and extraordinary events in your life where you see the
fingerprints of God.
Expository Outline on the OT and NT, Intro to Jeremiah
Notes: Jeremiah and Lamentations, Introduction; House
the Ancient Paths Kaiser, Walter ,C p 489
Ibid, p 507
Study Bible notes Jeremiah 48:47